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FELS Wage & Benefit Surveys


Since 1980 FELS has annually conducted a Wage and Benefit Survey. The survey provides a market reference for growers making wage and benefit decisions.

Each year FELS invites other organizations to participate in the survey. These organizations will send the same survey form to their members. Then these forms are tallied by FELS and used in the overall tabulations. Here are the participating organizations:

Organizations Participating In Survey

Members of the organizations listed below can access the tabulations of the current year by clicking on the appropriate link below. Your organization can provide you with appropriate login and password.

We appreciate the participation of respondents and managers from the following:

(To view an association's survey results click on its link above. Accessing the data will require a password which can
FELS Subscribers click here for the password)


Each survey year FELS produces a booklet which contains the tabulated results of the current year's Wage and Benefit Survey.

Purchase Survey Tabulations

Copies of the full Wage and Benefit Survey tabulation may be purchased. A copy of the booklet costs $19 (FELS subscribers receive a 20% discount), plus $5 shipping and handling fee and California sales tax (total cost $26.88--$22.58 FELS subscribers).
Wage and Benefit Survey: Complete tabulation of wages and benefits by job classification and county conducted annually by FELS.
Wage and Benefit Survey . . ..#406.E.BOK - $19.00/bookletShopping Cart Button
For previous year tabulations contact FELS at 800-753-9073


The booklet contains the following tabulations:


  • Vegetable Crops
  • Field/Row Crops
  • Grape Crops
  • Tree Crops
  • Horticultural Crops
  • Dairy/Livestock
  • Poultry
  • Other

Regions (See map below):

  • Northern California
  • Central Valley North
  • Central Valley South
  • Central Coast
  • Southern California

Size of Employment:

  • Between 1 and 5 Employees
  • Between 5 and 10 Employees
  • Between 10 and 25 Employees
  • More than 2 5 Employee





2014 Summary of Results

Wages Section
Each type of job is briefly defined on the survey form to facilitate reporting wage rates relative to similar work, but some of the pay variation within a given job is attributable to differences across firms in the duties for which people with the same title are responsible. Pay for eight job titles could be reported per hour, per month, or both. The tables in this report of findings include columns showing the overall average, the average low and high, and the absolute low and high wages reported for each job by respondents in the subgroup specified at top of the page (by crop for each association, and by crop, region, and size for the overall sample). They also indicate the total number (N) of respondents reporting any wage for each respective job-pay type and the number (n) who pay at a single rate (lowest=highest) for a given job. The standard deviation (sd) is of the midpoint between each respondent’s lowest and highest wage rates for the job. The smaller the standard deviation, the closer that wages paid for the job by all responding firms tend to cluster around their average.

Since 2006 the survey has included questions about hiring FLCs and other contract firms for production services. In each table of wage results, statistics on wage rates for general laborers employed by these contractors are distinguished from those referring to direct employees. Below the wages table are two statistics indicating the extent of FLC use within a class of respondents: (1) the percentage of respondent firms that hire any contractors, and (2) the average share of their total labor expense that they pay for contracted work.

Benefits Section
The survey form provides check-boxes only for indicating “yes” to the question of whether employees receive each respective benefit. The “% providing” result on these reports is calculated as the number of respondents checking that box divided by the number of all (N) within the crop, region, or size group specified in the report title. Because this method treats all respondents who did not check a given benefit box the same, whether they would have checked a "no" box or would have simply left no entry for the item, it may understate the share of those who actually provide each benefit.

We hope you find these reports helpful and would welcome any suggestions to improve the survey.

C. Bryan Little, COO
Farm Employers Labor Service (FELS®)
Phone: (800) 753-9073 - Fax (916) 561-5696 - This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.